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Título : Comparative patterns of plant invasions in the mediterranean biome
Autor : Arianoutsou, Margarita
Delipetrou, Pinelopi
Vilá, Montserrat
Dimitrakopoulos, Panayiotis
Celesti Grapow, Laura
Wardell Johnson, Grant
Palabras clave : Chile
Diversidad Biológica
Especies Invasoras
Fecha de publicación : nov-2013
Editorial : Plos One
Citación : ;Vol. 8, n°11
Resumen : The objective of this work was to compare and contrast the patterns of alien plant invasions in the world’s five mediterranean-climate regions (MCRs). We expected landscape age and disturbance history to have bearing on levels of invasion. We assembled a database on naturalized alien plant taxa occurring in natural and semi-natural terrestrial habitats of all five regions (specifically Spain, Italy, Greece and Cyprus from the Mediterranean Basin, California, central Chile, the Cape Region of South Africa and Southwestern - SW Australia). We used multivariate (hierarchical clustering and NMDS ordination) trait and habitat analysis to compare characteristics of regions, taxa and habitats across the mediterranean biome. Our database included 1627 naturalized species with an overall low taxonomic similarity among the five MCRs. Herbaceous perennials were the most frequent taxa, with SW Australia exhibiting both the highest numbers of naturalized species and the highest taxonomic similarity (homogenization) among habitats, and the Mediterranean Basin the lowest. Low stress and highly disturbed habitats had the highest frequency of invasion and homogenization in all regions, and high natural stress habitats the lowest, while taxonomic similarity was higher among different habitats in each region than among regions. Our analysis is the first to describe patterns of species characteristics and habitat vulnerability for a single biome. We have shown that a broad niche (i.e. more than one habitat) is typical of naturalized plant species, regardless of their geographical area of origin, leading to potential for high homogenization within each region. Habitats of the Mediterranean Basin are apparently the most resistant to plant invasion, possibly because their landscapes are generally
URI : http://biblioteca.cehum.org/handle/123456789/5
ISSN : 1932-6203
Aparece en las colecciones: Ciencias Naturales y Aplicadas